Copyrightedslightly edited with permission by Gary Amirault, Introduction by Gary Amirault Ancient Greek and Roman poets, philosophers and statesmen such as Seneca, Polybius, Strabo, Plato, Plutarch, Timaeus Locrus, Chrysippus and Livy tell us they invented fables of Hell "Since the multitude is ever fickle, full of lawless desires, irrational passions and violence, there is no other way to keep them in order but by the fear and terror of the invisible world. Roman Catholicism borrowed its myths of Hell from the Romans, Greeks and Jews who, in turn, borrowed them from the ancient Egyptians and Babylonians.
His father, Lycortaswas a prominent, land-owning politician and member of the governing class who became strategos commanding general of the Achaean League.
He developed an interest in horse riding and hunting, diversions that later commended him to his Roman captors. In BC, he was given quite an honor when he was chosen to carry the funeral urn of Philopoemenone of the most eminent Achaean politicians of his generation.
In either BC or BC, Polybius was elected hipparchus cavalry officeran event which often presaged election to the annual strategia chief generalship.
His early political career was devoted largely towards maintaining the independence of Megalopolis. Lycortas attracted the suspicion of the Romans, and Polybius subsequently was one of the 1, Achaean nobles who were transported to Rome as hostages in BC, and was detained there for 17 years.
In Rome, by virtue of his high culture, Polybius was admitted to the most distinguished houses, in particular to that of Lucius Aemilius Paullus Macedonicusthe conqueror in the Third Macedonian Warwho entrusted Polybius with the education of his sons, Fabius and Scipio Aemilianus who had been adopted by the eldest son of Scipio Africanus.
Polybius remained on cordial terms with his former pupil Scipio Aemilianus and was among the members of the Scipionic Circle. The Achaean hostages were released in BC, and Polybius was granted leave to return home, but the next year he went on campaign with Scipio Aemilianus to Africaand was present at the Sack of Carthage inwhich he later described.
Following the destruction of Carthage, Polybius likely journeyed along the Atlantic coast of Africa, as well as Spain. After the destruction of Corinth in the same year, Polybius returned to Greece, making use of his Roman connections to lighten the conditions there.
Polybius was charged with the difficult task of organizing the new form of government in the Greek cities, and in this office he gained great recognition. At Rome[ edit ] In the succeeding years, Polybius resided in Romecompleting his historical work while occasionally undertaking long journeys through the Mediterranean countries in the furtherance of his history, in particular with the aim of obtaining firsthand knowledge of historical sites.
He apparently interviewed veterans to clarify details of the events he was recording and was similarly given access to archival material.
Little is known of Polybius' later life; he most likely accompanied Scipio to Spain, acting as his military advisor during the Numantine War. He later wrote about this war in a lost monograph. Polybius probably returned to Greece later in his life, as evidenced by the many existent inscriptions and statues of him there.
The last event mentioned in his Histories seems to be the construction of the Via Domitia in southern France in BC, which suggests the writings of Pseudo-Lucian may have some grounding in fact when they state, "[Polybius] fell from his horse while riding up from the country, fell ill as a result and died at the age of eighty-two".
Its main focus is the period from BC to BC, describing Rome's efforts in subduing its arch-enemy, Carthage, and thereby becoming the dominant Mediterranean force.
In Book VI, Polybius describes the political, military, and moral institutions that allowed the Romans to succeed. He describes the First and Second Punic Wars. Polybius concludes the Romans are the pre-eminent power because they have customs and institutions which promote a deep desire for noble acts, a love of virtue, piety towards parents and elders, and a fear of the gods deisidaimonia.
He asserts Timaeus' point of view is inaccurate, invalid, and biased in favor of Rome.
Therefore, Polybius's Histories is also useful in analyzing the different Hellenistic versions of history and of use as a credible illustration of actual events during the Hellenistic period. Sources[ edit ] In the seventh volume of his Histories, Polybius defines the historian's job as the analysis of documentation, the review of relevant geographical information, and political experience.Polybius Essay Polybius (ca.
BCE– BCE) was a Greek historian who was born in Megalopolis. When Rome conquered Greece and Macedon in the Battle of Pydna in BCE, Polybius was one of one thousand Achaean hostages taken to Rome, where he was detained for seventeen years.
Essay on Roman constitution essays In the course of ancient history many nations rose and fell and many forms of government were tried.
Some were successful, some were a terrible failure, and others were just sufficient. The Greek historian Polybius believed that the constitution and government of. Polybius “Roman Army” Essay Sample. The Romans were just known for their army, but also for their army discipline.
In comparison to today and the punishments given out were almost, inhuman.
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Below is an essay on "Polybius" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples. A View of Polybius’ Views The “Romanized Greek” Polybius, as we know, wrote history mainly about the rise of Rome for his fellow Greeks.
—— Philip V of Macedon, the Hare Prize Essay (Cambridge University Press, ) —— A Historical Commentary on Polybius (Oxford University Press) Vol.