Paul, MN, May 26,
Introduction Environment is not only spatial place for human but also landfill for their waste which generated from their activity. Environment has the ability to revive the situation and neutralize its own condition and restore their initial state, if the waste is below the threshold of environment carrying capacity.
Environment accommodates the waste from households and industry. This leads to the changes on environmental quality of water, soil and air that also affect on Bioremediation of heavy metals thesis flora, fauna and microorganisms life.
The type and number of microorganisms in the environment is influenced by environment characteristic and waste that flow into the environment. It either inhibits or stimulates the growth of microorganisms.
Based on these standards, generally the environment quality measured in chemical, physical and biological parameter . A study reported a contamination of Arsenic As and fluoride F was associated with chronic kidney disease of infants in Aguascalientes, Mexico .
Moreover, the presence of heavy metal contamination such as Zinc ZnLead Pb and Chromium Cr in water, plankton, fish and sediment in the Cauvery River India is exceed the standard level . Heavy metal pollution on surface and ground water is also found in Patancheru Andhra Pradesh India.
Environmental pollution has globally accumulated, recognized by one indicator of global warming which caused by the emission of greenhouse gases GHG.
Several efforts have been attempted, i. GHG restrictions on more than countries. In addition, experts have been studying the impact of global warming on the environment of Pacific ocean, the occurrence of El Nino and ocean acidification .
Several researches in Indonesia evaluate the water pollution, such as heavily polluted river of Jakarta. The researches assess the source and management of the waste in situ. Further, research in the village of Awang Bangka discovered contamination in rivers is based on nutrition value coefficient .
Monitoring of the environmental pollution in North Sulawesi has also found contamination in Tondano River in the Village of Ternate Baru, Manado, especially on the parameter of Biological Oxygen Demand BODturbidity, and phosphorus content [11, 12]. Based on these research findings, the environment has been degraded due to pollution.
Many parameters of environmental pollution were measured, including the biological parameters, especially microorganisms, such as bacteria.
This study aimed to reviews the studies on the bacteria as indicators of environmental pollution. Monitoring of Environment Quality 2.
Chemical Parameter Measurements of pH have been performed to evaluate the quality of the marine environment such as the estuary area, aquaculture and watershed .
In addition to the aquatic environment, pH measurements were also performed to measure air quality, ground water, land mines and household waste which dumped into the environment .
BOD measurements were also performed in some researches to evaluate the quality of coastal waters, rivers and lakes . Besides water quality, BOD was also performed to measure the environmental contamination of soil and water due to the waste in landfills.
COD measurements have also been carried out in several studies as one of the parameters in assessing the quality of waters of the lake, estuary, sea and river . Physical Parameter Other studies that based on physical parameters measured temperature, pH, and turbidity .
This implies that the water quality of the Tondano Lake was still in accordance with the specified water quality standards.
Biological Parameter Currently, many studies have been carried out to measure the environment quality through biological parameters, such as bacteria.In recent years, heavy metals pollution is found to be a serious environmental issue and various technologies are being discovered for their cleanup from environment.
The use of biosurfactants for this purpose was found to be an eco-friendly approach and also an alternate to conventional complex. International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology (IJEST) is an international scholarly refereed research journal which aims to promote the theory and practice of environmental science and technology, innovation, engineering and management.
Heavy metals will tend to adsorb very firmly to the soil matrix, and once released to the environment, it won’t degrade like organics by microbial activity or through chemical oxidation (Beiergrohslein, ).
Curriculum Vitae personal Information Name Mohey El-Din Mohamed Sayed Mekawy optional photo Title Prof. of Toxicology and Forensic Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Cairo University.
Date of birth Sept. 29, Place of birth Giza, Egypt Citizenship Egyptian Contact Information. Facts, figures and findings from application of Toxkit microbiotests are reported in a large number of publications, reports and presentations at scientific symposia and workshops.
Name of the Candidate. Supervisor. Thesis Title. Kumar R.
yunusemremert.comvizhi. A study of intercarrier interference (ici) reduction methods for orthogonal frequency division multiplexing.